Coffee has its origins in the Arabian peninsula when in 11th century AD for the first time coffee trees were cultivated, roasted and boiled.

In 1475, the world’s first coffee shop opened by Greek people soon after the occupation by the Turks in the ex-capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople. That followed by the establishment of more coffee houses in Constantinople…

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There are many fables, legends and ideas of how Coffee came to exist as we know it today:

The story of Kaldi, an Abyssinian (Ethiopia) goat-herder, who used to take his goats to some mountain foothills, noticed one day that his goats were jumping around and acting strangely as they did when they were Kids. After not giving in much thought, he began to notice a pattern in their behavior. After the animals were seen eating the red fruits of a type of bush, they would again begin this playful and energetic performance.

In his attempts to understand this phenomenon, Kaldi consumed some of the same red fruit. He soon enough found himself energized with a deep new sensation that was both relaxed, and powerful.

With grate haste, he ran to share his discovery; on his way, he confronted monks that lived in a monastery in close proximity to the pastures. Kaldi decided to share his news with the monks. The Abbot, astonished by the tale related by the young goat-herder, decided to go with him and verify the strange prodigy.
The Abbot picked some fruits and leaves and took them to the kitchen of the monastery and cooked them to unearth the results.

After tasting the ghastly brew and spitting it out, the Abbot threw the remaining stewed fruit into the fire, as the grains began to burn they expelled a marvelous aroma that suggested to the Abbot the idea of roasting the grains to extract the flavor for the beverage. After a few attempts, the result was good; even though the bitter taste was an acquired one, it had a very pleasant fragrance and it produced an invigorating effect. Thus the monks adopt it to keep themselves awake and to be able to pray all night without falling asleep.

Although this legend is thousands of years old, it is believed that wandering tribesmen in Ethiopia were the first to notice the stimulating properties of coffee. At first the berries were eaten whole or crushed and mixed with animal fat or food. Later the berries were boiled. Traders then introduced it to Arabian travelers. Coffee was first roasted and boiled by Arabs making “qahwa”, a beverage made from plants.

…So many coffee shops opened that the clergy began complaining that they had more customers than the churches. The Ottoman Sultan tried to outlaw coffee in Turkey in 1543 and by 1554 the coffee business was booming in Turkey. During this time Turkish homes employed full-time coffee stewards.

Seeds were smuggled to India, by Muslims returning from pilgrimage to Mecca. From there, Dutch traders took them to Ceylon and later the East Indies. It is believed that coffee plants made their way to the Americas through a single Indonesian plant that was raised by King Louis XIV.

In about 1600, coffee entered Central Europe through the port of Venice and was being cultivated in India and Java. The Arabs used so much coffee that the Christian church denounced coffee as “the hellish black brew.” But Pope Clement VIII found it so great tasting that he baptized it and made it a Christian beverage saying “coffee is so delicious it would be a pity to let the infidels have exclusive use of it.”

The most important moment in coffee’s history was that of its introduction to the New World. This happened in 1607. Coffee’s popularity grew to became the world’s most popular beverage. More than 400 billion cups are consumed each year. The largest producer of coffee is Brazil.